Pool Table – Diagram With Sizes and Dimensions

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Your Guide to a Pool Table

Pool is perhaps one of the most popular pastimes around the world. It is played in game centers, in homes, and even in official competitions. It is an activity that most people begin to play at a very young age and then continue to do so throughout their life. It is interesting to think that although you may have spent hours at a pool table that you never really considered the dimensions or construction of it. Well, this article gives you some insight into the particulars involving a pool table. Here are some fun facts:

The Dimensions of a Pool Table

The pool tables in homes and other recreational outlets may not all be of the same size. However, regulation tables, particularly the ones that will be used in competition, need to be of the same dimensions. These measurements have been determined by the World Pool-Billiard Association (WPA).

The total length of a pool table is 2.82 meters and the width is 1.55m. The actual playing surface of the table is a little smaller. In fact, the length of the playing surface is double that of its width. The length measures at 2.54m while the width is 1.27m. The highest point of the table is between 0.75 and 0.8m.

The rails and the cushions outlining the playing surfaces will be between 0.1m and 0.19m. The height of the cushion and rails is dependent on the dimensions of the ball. It will be in the range of 62.5 percent and 64.5 percent of the diameter of the ball.

There is 0.3175m between each sight on both the long rails as well as the head rails. The sights can either by diamond or circle shaped. The round sights are between 11.11mm and 12.7mm in diameter. The diamond sights can either be 25.4 x 11.11mm or 31.75 x 15875mm.

The openings of the pockets are 0.08m. The side pockets and corner pockets are often different sizes. The mouth of a side pocket is larger, with a width that is bigger by 1.27cm.

The slate beneath the cloth of the playing surface is made up of three, equal pieces. These pieces are each 2.54cm in thickness. Beneath the slate, there is another layer. This layer is at least 0.019m thick.

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What is A Pool Table Made Of?

A well-built pool table is actually quite heavy, weighing around 200kg in total. The overall frame of the table is made from two types of wood. Both of these are hardwoods. Poplar is typically used for the framework. This is because it is durable and able to hold various screws and nails in place quite well. The exterior of the table is constructed from hardwoods that have greater aesthetic appeal, such as maple, oak, or mahogany. These materials are also relatively easier to maintain as they remain quite resistant to minor dings.

Perhaps what professionals pay the most amount of attention to, however, is the slate as well as the fabric that is used on the playing surface. It is preferred for the cloth to be made entirely from worsted wool. If this is not possible, at least 80 percent of the fabric must consist from worsted wool. The rest can be substituted with nylon. The fabric must be non-directional and cannot be prone to either pilling or fluffing when in use. For competitions, the cloth must be either electric blue, yellow-green, or blue-green.

The cushions placed on the playing surface are made from high quality vulcanized rubber. Canvas fabric is used on the top and the bottom of the cushion so that it is better equipped to rebound the ball. The rails are made from two types of wood – hardwood and softwood. The bottommost part of the rail is made from softwood such as poplar while the upper portion is made from hardwood.

The pocket liners can be made from either leather, rubber, or plastic. The liner must be durable and capable of directing the ball downwards once it has entered the pocket.

The Evolution of the Pool Table

Due to the similarities of the games and the playing surface, it is difficult to separate the histories of billiards. Also, essentially, pool is a form of pocket billiards which means that it is quite possible that the game originated from billiards.

The first stirrings of pool were found somewhere in the 1800s. It was believed to be an indoor version of a lawn game. This game was played on the grass and had a lot of similarities to croquet. For one reason or another, the game was miniaturized, and played on a tabletop. A green blanket was thrown on top to simulate the green of the grass.

The second time that a pool table appeared in history was when it was discovered in the home of King Louis XI in France. This table, however, was constructed from stone, with just a single hole in the middle. Much like with the earlier version, here too, a stretch of fabric covered the playing surface.

From the very beginning, the rails – nicknamed banks – surrounded the table. During these early stages, however, the rails were merely there to prevent the balls from falling off the table with every shot. It was only some time later that the rails were incorporated into the game itself. People then began using the structure to make their shots more interesting.

There weren’t any regulation sizes for pool tables. This was, of course, because it began in such a colloquial manner – people simply used a suitable table in their house. It was only years after the game had gained popularity that manufacturers decide to fix the dimensions for professional purposes.

Tables Similar to a Pool Table

You could be forgiven for thinking that all cue ball games have the same playing surface. After all, there are more similarities than differences. This is particularly true for any game that resembles pocket billiards. Therefore, you could, potentially, use a billiards or a snooker table in lieu of a pool table.

That is not to say, of course, that there are no differences at all. Of all these three tables, the pool table is the smallest. Even the pocket sizes are smaller than the other two tables. The billiard table is slightly larger, with the snooker table being the largest of them all.

With a billiard table, a pool ball will have no problem going into the pockets. This is because the pockets on a billiard table are either the same size or slightly larger. The same cannot be said for snooker pockets, however. Snooker pockets are smaller than the pockets for the other two games. This is because the balls used in snooker are smaller as well. For the most part, these tables are quite alike in construction, design, and even function. Pool and billiards tables share the greatest features, nonetheless.

These are some fascinating facts about the game of pool as well as the surface on which it is played. There are so many intricacies involved, and none of the structures or features have been placed there by accident. The next time that you see a pool table, you should take a close look at it. You will then be able to appreciate all of the work that has gone into designing and constructing it.

Last updated on March 8, 2018